Module 1

BASIC DATA INPUT AND MODELLING

mm01

This module is used to manipulate data from various sources by automatically creating a triangular model. The user can use break-lines to define changes in slope and direction which will be accounted for in the triangulation process. Data can be edited graphically or in text mode. The user has full control over the triangulation with functions for editing the triangulated model after the automatic triangulation. Images and terrain data can also be imported from GPS, Scanners and Google Earth.

 

Module 2

GRAPHICAL OUTPUT

mm02This module is required for any graphical output. The output is determined by using an extensive range of user-definable plotting parameters and the graphical setting of plotting windows covering the total project area. Contours, survey point information, co-ordinate grids and CAD data can be plotted. Plotting can be done directly to an on-line plotter, various ASCII file formats e.g. DXF, or DWG/DGN files. The data and CAD can also be exported to overlay onto Google Earth.

 

Module 3

SINGLE MODEL VOLUMES, ANALYSIS AND EXTRACTION OF SECTIONS

mm03When dealing with stockpiles or quarries this module can be used to calculate the earthworks volumes using contours, triangles or cross-sectional areas. The analysis function calculates the sloped surface area, as well as plan area and a slope, height and valley analysis. Long-section or cross-section data can be extracted along a horizontal alignment which can be defined on the graphic screen or can be captured from CAD entities.

Module 4

TOEPOINT AND MULTIPLE MODEL EARTHWORKS CALCULATION

mm04Model Maker can be used to model two (up to 50 surfaces) different excavation models. Where the second model is a terrace that must meet the ground model at specified batter slopes, MODEL MAKER will automatically determine these toe-points on the ground. The terrace level for balanced earthworks can be determined, taking into account a bulking factor and the batter slopes. Once the two models have been created, the earthworks volume can be calculated using cross-sections or a more accurate grid method. It can also be used to determine the cut/fill line in earthworks or model and contour the depths of mass earthworks.

Module 5

PERSPECTIVE (3D) VIEWS

mm05Use this module to view the active model from any side or vertical angle in a wire-frame grid or solid fill format. Contours at a user-specified interval can be displayed and the full view can be converted to the CAD environment.

Module 6

COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING (CAD)

mm06This module is a comprehensive CAD module with all the basic drawing functions intelligently linked to the DTM data to create detailed survey maps. A drawing can consist of any number of drawing elements, e.g. lines, circles, text, dimensions, hatching, etc. on different layers with a variety of pen, line and font types.

Module 7

DRAW LONG OR CROSS SECTIONS

mm07Ground cross-section data extracted using module 3 can be loaded and plotted into the CAD module. The user can specify a horizontal and vertical scale, the paper size and a layer name. A more advanced option for similar functionality is achieved with module 11 or Road Maker.

Module 8

HORIZONTAL ALIGNMENT SETTING OUT

mm08

A horizontal alignment defined using module 3, giving the following data for each point of intersection

(PI):   Name ,  Y & Z co-ordinate  ,  curve radius  ,  transition lengths starting and ending the curve.

This module can now be used to obtain all the curve information - BC, EC peg distance, curve length, as setting out data - distance and direction - from specified set-up stations.

 

Module 9

OPENCAST MINE PLANNING (Strip blocks, Volumes and Ratio)

mm9In initial planning for an opencast mine operation this module can be used to calculate volumes between different material layers or strata. Borehole data is used to create up to 50 models defining the different strata. The mining areas (strips) can be defined as geographical areas and volumes or average depths can be calculated between different strata within each strip area. For geological evaluations there is an advanced borehole manager to manage borehole data input. Define the geographical areas within which opencast mining must be done. Any plan area can be defined. Each area is then numbered and its area and boundary perimeter is calculated.

Module 10

Borehole Manager (Geology, Soil Sampling)

mm10The borehole manager allows you to: Import borehole logs from an excel CSV file; To enter borehole logs manually; To assign colours and DTM layer numbers to the log categories; To visually compare logs on a same scale; To view the logs in Model Maker's virtual 3D option; To export the logs to a CSV file; To create DTM projects based on the log coordinates and
layer depths.

Module 11

GEOMETRIC ALIGNMENT STRINGS

A geometric alignment string may be seen as a 3D poly-(CAD)-line where each endpoint/node on the line has an elevation. This may be viewed and manipulated in plan or long-section format. Strings may be used in various design applications, e.g. slope tracking and clashing services. It is also used to define the layout of roads and pipe networks to be designed in Road- or Pipe-Maker.

 

Module 12

LANDSCAPING

Landscaping of new areas or the rehabilitation of old mine dumps can be done in accordance with slope parameters. An existing model will automatically be updated to the slope parameters to give a balanced (cut/fill) earthworks model. Geometric alignment strings can be used to define restrictions on the movement of material. Material to be imported from or exported to another area can be specified. This module can also be used in golf course design.

 

Module 13

3D MASSHAUL AND VOLUME CENTROIDS

The movement of material in a cut/fill operation can be presented by distance lines between the cut and fill areas. The total volume in a cut or fill area can be shown at the centroid of that volume. This could typically be used to plan the most effective earthworks operation for bulldozers, scrapers or trucks.

 

Module 14

OPTIMISING TERRACES

Where terraces need to be designed in very restricted areas this module can be used to determine the perimeter of a terrace within a specified boundary. MODEL MAKER determines a final elevation, outside perimeter and volume for each terrace according to specified slope parameters.

 

Module 15

RURAL POWER LINE DESIGN

mm15This module uses the geometric alignment strings and CAD modules to design the route and pole positions for rural power lines. A user-definable pole database can be created, as well as standard profiling templates.

Module 16

EARTHDAM DESIGN

mm16Indicate the centreline position of a dam wall in a valley, specify the wall construction parameters and catchment area and within minutes calculate various position options. The result is dam earthworks volumes and water capacity.

Module 17

IRRIGATION SYSTEM DESIGN

mm17This module will assist the irrigation design engineer with a flexible and indispensable tool without confining him to rigid limitations. Full graphical control over the automatic and manual design of an irrigation network is provided. Analysing the hydraulics of an open network with predefined or computer selected pipe sizes is done with ease. Global manipulation of groups of pipes and nodes may be done to optimise the design. Standard pipes, emitters and fittings may be defined in a user database. Model Maker DTM and CAD functions are available throughout the design. Design drawings and installation parts lists can be extracted.

Module 18

ROAD GEOMETRY

mm18Designing the horizontal alignment geometry of a road is supported by using this module to determine sight distances on horizontal curves. Vehicle turning circles may also be tested graphically within confined areas. The test vehicle dimensions and parameters may be fully defined by the user and the result is a graphical output of sight lines or vehicle wheel paths.

Module 19

DATUM CONVERSION

Co-ordinates from the old South-African Clarke datum may be converted to the new WGS84 datum using this module. The WGS84 datum is implemented in South-Africa as from January 1999 and all new surveys must be done in this format. Using this module you may do a transformation of all the data loaded into MODEL MAKER ie. DTM, CAD and geometric alignment strings. Data in the British datum format OSG36, can be converted to WGS84 to use the Google Earth overlay functions.

 

Module 20

HYDROSIM STORMWATER LAYOUT

After drawing the layout of a storm-water pipe network and the catchment areas in Model Maker's CAD, this module may be used to create the data needed by the HYDROSIM - Storm-water analysis program.

 

Module 21

SEWER ERF CONNECTION DEPTH ANALYSIS

In conjunction with PIPE MAKER a sewer network can be designed. With this as an overlay on a township layout drawn in MODEL MAKER CAD you can determine the required positions and invert levels for erf connections to ensure the proper drainage of all stands.